|Subtitle||Documenting the Gestation of Fish Eggs as Water Temperatures Rise, 2019|
|Artist / Creator||Geraldine Ondrizek|
|Artist's Nationality||United States|
|Place of Publication||Portland, OR|
|Author of Text||Geraldine Ondrizek|
|Contributors||Benjamin Martin, NOAA Fisheries|
|Process / Technique||Ink jet|
|Number of Images||40|
|Structure / Binding||Accordion|
|Medium / Materials||Ink jet printed silk, archival board, linen tape, plexiglass box|
|Number of Pages||40|
|Dimensions (WxHxD)||4 x 5 x 8.5 inches. Extends out to 8 inches|
|Edition Size||Unique Artist Book|
|Box / Wrapper||Plexi box|
|Signed & Numbered||Signed by the Artist|
GESTATION by Geraldine Ondrizek
Universidad Catolica de la Santísima Concepción, CIBAS, Chile Bienal Concepción, Arte & Ciencia, Universidad Catolica de la Santísima Concepción, Chile.
Sponsored by US Embassy Santiago Chile Public Affairs Grant ASKXXI: Arts and Science Knowledge Building in the XXI Century Art and Science Residency, Friday Harbor Marine Biology
Research Station, Friday Harbor, Washington.
WORK IN EXHIBITION
Documenting the Gestation of Fish Eggs as
Water Temperatures Rise, 2019
Zebra Fish Egg photographed with The Nikon Eclipse Ti-E inverted microscope for epi-fluorescent imaging and a digital camera for high resolution image acquisition of critical moments in the stages of embryonic development, 2- cell, 4 cell, 8-cell, 16-cell, 32-cell, 64-cell, 128-cell, morula, late blastula, early gastrula, mid-gastrula, late gastrula, blastopore closure of the Zebra fish egg.
The film was made in Professor Kara Cerveny - Website Developmental biology lab.
Photos Printed on Silk
Archival board frames
18.5’ x 5”
The embryonic formation of an animal’s body is genetically coded and environmentally influenced. The genetic coding is not simple, animals do not directly inherit all qualities, but through the combinations of the parent genetics and epigenist, and environmental factors, gestation begins.
My Interest in both human and animal gestation is both personal and political. As our environment becomes more polluted and warmer, we are seeing an array of genetic anomalies in all species (Both human and animal.) Additionally, because we can now do early genetic testing and selection, very difficult ethical questions arise.
In field studies by NOAA over the last 20 years, the temperature has risen quite high in rivers where salmon lay eggs. In data from field studies in the Sacramento River indicated that in some years 2014 and 2015 in particular, temperature-related mortality exceeded 75 percent.
A final short film, “Gestation” depicts egg gestation through to the blastogist stage. The film was made in Professor Kara Chenery developmental biology lab at Reed College using The Nikon Eclipse Ti-E inverted microscope for epi-fluorescent imaging and a digital camera for high resolution image acquisition. The camera was programed an image every five minutes for eight hours. Zebrafish embryos were used as they are transparent, develop outside of the mother, and are amenable to genetic and embryological manipulations.
From the film I captured still images of the critical moments in the stages of embryonic development, 2- cell, 4 cell, 8-cell, 16-cell, 32-cell, 64-cell, 128-cell, morula, late blastula, early gastrula, mid-gastrula, late gastrula, blastopore closure. I printed these on to silk to make a 32 page,18.5’ x 5” limited edition accordion book entitled, Gestation. The images of the zebra fish eggs are printed on to translucent silk, each page is mounted into a frame.
Gestation was shown in the ASKXXI: Arts and Science Knowledge Building and Sharing in
the XXI Century at the Universidad Catolica de la Santísima Concepción, CIBAS, Chile and the Bienal Concepción, Arte & Ciencia, Universidad Catolica de la Santísima Concepción, Chile
ASKXXI: Arts and Science Knowledge Building and Sharing in the XXI Century is an interhemispheric community of scientists, artists, designers, and communicators forging new methods of virtual collaboration, visualization and co-creation that engage new audiences interested in the natural world, its diversity and conservation. The program, founded in 2017 created immersive travel, cultural exchange and field/lab. http://www.askxxi.com
RETICULA: ECOLOGY AND ART REIMAGINED FOR THE XXI CENTURY
Reticula, an exhibition featuring the interdisciplinary artwork of the inaugural Chile-US team of ASKXXI - Art + Science Knowledge Building and Sharing in the XXI Century - opens on March 15th, 7:30PM at the Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción’s Gallery, in Concepcion.
Reticula pertains to the network structures manifested in the natural world. For this community of artists and scientists, Reticula is the experience of building open, creative knowledge networks and cultural ecosystems, in the service of global earth stewardship.
The works exhibited seek to inspire inquiry and raise ecological awareness, covering a range of themes and media, always with an emphasis on observation, inquiry and process. In terms of ecology, it covers from diving the depths of pollen research, to bringing back a threatened fish species, the anthropocene and the different perceptions of time inferred from old growth. Seventeenth Century curiosity cabinets, weaving and knitting, virtual reality, are some of the media used.
US and Chile Artist featured in Retícula:
Chile: Marianela Camano, Javiera Constanza, Belen Gallardo, Nicole Garcia, Miguel Bolt Kalfon, Thomas Kramer, Fernanda Oyarzun, José Manuel de la Parra, Cecelia Toro US: Jeff Brice, Jack DeLap, Nathan DiPietro, Rebecca Cummins, Geraldine Ondrizek, Siddharth Ramakrishnan, Ginny Ruffner, Scott Sutton, Kristin Tollefson, Genevieve Tremblay
ASKXXI is an international art-science program founded in 2017 by a Chile-US team of female scientists and artists, Fernanda Oyarzun (UCSC), Genevieve Tremblay (CMU ‘80, independent artist, curator and public scholar, Microsoft Innovative Educator), Belen Gallardo (IEB) and Nelida Pohl (IEB). It promotes interdisciplinary collaboration and innovation in arts, education and science communication, putting forth the value and functions of the marine and terrestrial ecosystems of Chile and the Pacific Northwest of the US, and the challenges they face.
The pilot program (2018-19) was funded in part by the US Embassy in Chile, in partnership with the IEB and UCSC. Ten inaugural Chilean fellows, Beatriz Buttazzoni, Fernando Mejías Baeza, Marianela Camano, Javiera Constanzo, Nicole Garcia, Miguel Bolt Kalfon, Thomas Kramer, José Manuel de la Parra, Pablo Savario and Marcelo Velasco were selected to engage in an interhemispheric experience. Led by international founding faculty team, Belen Gallardo, Fernanda Oyarzun, Nelida Pohl, Genevieve Tremblay, they visited biological stations, protected areas, top hi-tech companies, universities, labs and artist studios in Washington State and Southern Chile, in an effort to fully immerse in natural places and the people who study them: scientists and artists. In Chile the participants visited research stations and universities in northern Patagonia (Melimoyu, Fundación Meri), Chiloé Island (Senda Darwin Biological Station, IEB-PUC), Puerto Montt (Centro iMar, ULA) and Concepción (UCSC, Lenga Biological Station, UDEC), where they conducted workshops and field research, and learnt about the ecology of southern waters and forests. The US trip provided opportunities to learn state-of-the-art methods of 3D imaging, illustration, virtual/augmented reality and data visualization, and provided access to artists from the Pacific Northwest who integrate these emerging technologies into their art-science practice. In addition, the 2018 ASKXXI Certificate Diploma program was hosted by the Faculty of Sciences, Center for Research in Biodiversity and Sustainable Environments (CIBAS) and the Faculty of Medicine, UCSC.
The consortium of ASKXXI academic and research pilot partners in Chile and the US includes: Senda Darwin Biological Station, Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción (CIBAS, Bi-lab Interactive Biology Lab), Centro i~mar (Universidad de Los Lagos), Melimoyu Nature Reserve (Fundación Meri), University of Washington (Friday Harbor Laboratories, UW Data Lab, Bothell Campus) Cornish College of the Arts, Reed College, University of Puget Sound, Microsoft Research. Additional industry and cultural partners include Pixvana, AltspaceVR, Schema Design, Gist, GoMicro, Burke Museum, EV Nautilus, UW Bothell Herbarium, Pacific Science Center, Burke Museum, Slater Museum, Ballard Locks, iPhone Labs, Fearless 360, Sliprabbit Studio, Ginny Ruffner Studios and Ian Boyden Studios.
Artist BioGeraldine Ondrizek is a Professor of Art and artist at Reed College in Portland Oregon. For the last twenty-five years she has created architectural installations and artists books based on medical and genetic information to explore personal and political issues. Each piece results from a lengthy collaboration with scientists and medical researchers with the goal of producing work that incorporates and comments on medicine, genetics and ethics. She has had over 40 solo exhibitions internationally and is the recipient of several grants and residencies including an Individual Artist Fellowship from the Ford Family Foundation, the Oregon Arts Commission Individual Artist Fellowship, University of Washington Genetic Medicine Commission, NASA at the Johnson Space Center, the Houston Foundation, the Mellon Foundation, and a NEA exhibition support grant. Residencies include UNESCO Artist in Residence Amman Jordon and Marnay sur Seine France, Gasworks London, Momentum AIR and the Max Plank Archive, Berlin. Her recent exhibition include, The Hallie Ford Museum at Willamette University, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción Chile, Bienal Concepción, Arte & Ciencia, Chile Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Berlin Germany, Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art, ZKM Museum of Contemporary Art Karlsruhe, Germany, The Phoenix Gallery, Brighton, England, Momentum Berlin, the Nassir School of Art Gallery, Jerusalem, Haber Space, New York, Cornish College of the Arts, Seattle, King Street Station, Seattle, Evergreen College Gallery, Olympia, The Boise Art Museum, Florida International University and The University of Houston. Her work has been collected by The Portland Art Museum, John Hopkins University, MIT, Sanofi-Genzyme, The University of Washington Department of Medical Genetics, Florida International University and WVU Cancer Institute, Berkeley Medical Center. Her current project, Becoming You, A book showing the process of human fertilization, gestation and genetic testing. Written by Bioethisist, Dr. Shizuko Takahashi with images by Geraldine Ondrizek will be published by Shougakukan Publishers in Japan in the spring of 2022. She received her BFA from Carnegie-Mellon University and an MFA from the University of Washington. Her work can viewed on the website, https://www.reed.edu/art/ondrizek/